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United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783

Subject Source: Library of Congress Subject Headings

Found in 97 Collections and/or Records:

Letter, from General Wooster, 1777 March 1

 Item — Box 18, Folder: 1777.03.01
Identifier: A-366.29
Scope and Contents

Can't persuade troops to remain at New Rochelle in face of superior forces--troops not enlisting, army weak--few [English] troops left in New York--he holds two men who ran off to British, then came back to help a widow escape to New York.

Dates: 1777 March 1

Letter, from John Neilson, 1779 June 3

 Item — Box 19, Folder: 1779.06.03
Identifier: A-366
Scope and Contents

Military intelligence--reports movement of British fleet and army in New York.

Dates: 1779 June 3

Letter, from John Parke Custis, 1778 May 29

 Item — Box 19, Folder: 1778.05.29
Identifier: RM-1218
Scope and Contents

John Parke Custis, stepson of George Washington, wrote to George Washington who was at Valley Forge about various aspects of the war. He notified him that the Virginia legislature passed bills to help raise troops, the arrival of a French ship carrying uniforms and military supplies, and a note to his mom. Docketed by George Washington. Autograph letter signed, 3 pages.

Dates: 1778 May 29

Letter, from Lund Washington, 1776 January 31

 Item — Box 18, Folder: 1776.01.31
Identifier: A-283.26
Scope and Contents Exchange of Adams and Matthews land still not settled--much alarm in Alexandria, expecting an attack from 5 large ships reported to be off Cone [mouth of Potomac]--river now blocked with ice but women and children evacuating and moving goods--they will fight to defend town--he thinks the ships more apt to be oyster boats--packing Washington's china and glass into barrels and then would be able to move things at short notice to Mrs. Barnes and to Morris' barn--rum and wine to be moved...
Dates: 1776 January 31

Letter, from Lund Washington, 1777 December 24

 Item — Box 18, Folder: 1777.12.24
Identifier: A-283.13
Scope and Contents

Hopes Washington will come to Mt. Vernon while troops in winter quarters--no crop for sale this year--wheat destroyed, mill idle, short crop of corn--gives corn crop yields from each farm--many visiters and horses cause great use of crops--also 24 of own horses--wants to try making rum, sugar, and molasses from Indian corn stalk for money crop.

Dates: 1777 December 24

Letter, from Lund Washington, 1778 April 1

 Item — Box 19, Folder: 1778.04.01
Identifier: A-283.16
Scope and Contents Breeding mare--Weaver captured deserter, thus is exempt from serving in army, but he's been let go because of high wages demanded--bargain with Triplett--Blair's bond--money put in Continental Loan office--rents collected from tenants in Loudon and Fauquier--Sam[uel W-n] collected some in Westmoreland--will come to camp after shad is put up for coming year--will send Washington's accounts by Col. Fitzgerald if he leaves first--covering horse thin--progress made on privateer "General...
Dates: 1778 April 1

Letter, from Lund Washington, 1776 February 22

 Item — Box 18, Folder: 1776.02.22
Identifier: RM-106; MS-227.7
Scope and Contents

Informing Washington of affairs at Mt. Vernon, the condition of the negroes, advising some improvements to Mt. Vernon, and information about the movements of the British.

Dates: 1776 February 22

Letter, from Nathaniel Peabody, 1780 October 25

 Item — Box 19, Folder: 1780.10.25
Identifier: A-366.26
Scope and Contents

Incloses Philadelphia paper announcing news of a victory in the south [King's Mountain ?].

Dates: 1780 October 25

Letter, from Walter Stewart, 1778 January 28

 Item — Box 19, Folder: 1778.01.28
Identifier: RM--115; MS-2322
Scope and Contents

Stewart is writing about the conduct of some of the soldiers and the need of supplies.

Dates: 1778 January 28

Letter, General Assembly of Maryland to his Excellency the Minister of France, 1781 January 5

 Item — Box 7, Folder: 1781.01.05
Identifier: 2021-SC-003-005
Scope and Contents

The letter is a request to "his most Christian Majesty" for help to secure the Chesapeake from British naval raids that had rendered it impossible to export the "Tobacco, flour and other produce of this State and Virginia". The senders may possibly be Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, George Plater, President of the Senate and William Bruff, Speaker of the House. The recipient is not identified other than as the Minister of France. 4 pages.

Dates: 1781 January 5

Letter, George Walton to Benjamin Lincoln, 1779 December 21

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 37
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-037
Scope and Contents

George Walton, signer of the Declaration of Independence, writes to Major General Benjamin Lincoln seeking his help regarding sums for the military being misapplied by citizens [Georgia] and hung up in the Department of the Army resulting in shortages for the troops in the Georgia militias. Autograph letter, signed. 2 pages.

Dates: 1779 December 21

Letter, George Washington to General John Scott, 1776 August 3

 Item — Box 1
Identifier: RM-1202
Scope and Contents

Autograph letter signed, 1 page. Mounted on cardstock. Washington gives orders for the removal of suspected loyalists to New Rochelle. He warns against any injury to persons or property but insists they be kept “at a distance from the Enemy of whom it is suspected they are favourers and are carrying on correspondances dangerous to the United States of America.

Dates: 1776 August 3

Letter, Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau, to François Jean, chevalier de Chastellux, 1782 July 20

 Item — Box 7, Folder: 1782.07.20
Identifier: 2018-SC-019-003
Scope and Contents

Autograph letter signed. Blindstamped "Archives de Chastellux." Rochambeau writes about Washington's plans for the 1782 campaign and news from Europe.

Dates: 1782 July 20

Letter, John Witherspoon to William Livingston, 1781 February 17

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 40
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-040
Scope and Contents

John Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence, writes to William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey, regarding the safe passage of a British deserter, Humphrey Belcher, through American lines. Autograph letter, signed. 1 page.

Dates: 1781 February 17

Letter, Josiah Bartlett to William Whipple, 1776 November 25

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 2
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-002
Scope and Contents Letter from Josiah Bartlett to William Whipple regarding the movement of American and British forces in New York and New Jersey. He outlines the many challenges that the revolutionary cause faced in New York, New England, and generally, including supply and money problems, the health of the troops, and the persistence of divided loyalties in the aftermath of the Americans declaring independence. Bartlett signed the Declaration of Independence and served as governor of New Hampshire during...
Dates: 1776 November 25

Letter, Lafayette to George Augustine Washington, 1781 February 21

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 23
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-023
Scope and Contents

Lafayette writes to George Augustine Washington. Autograph letter, signed. 1 page.

Dates: 1781 February 21

Letter, Lyman Hall to Mrs. Street, 1785 May 2

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 13
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-013
Scope and Contents

Lyman Hall, Governor of Georgia and signer of the Declaration of Independence, writes to Mrs. Street (possibly his sister) regarding health and life post Revolutionary war. Autograph letter, signed. 1 page.

Dates: 1785 May 2

Letter, Marquis de Lafayette to Eleanor Parke Custis Lewis, 1824 November 7

 Item — Box 50, Folder: 1824.11.07
Identifier: W-1251/A
Scope and Contents

A.L.S. 1 page. Monticello. Lafayette expresses his affection for Nelly and her brother G.W.P. Custis -- and says he share more when he travels near her at the end of the month -- [This letter is also quoted by Nelly in letter of Nov. 22 to Eliz. Bordley Gibson]. Autograph letter signed, integral cover, postmarked "Char. Va. Nov. 10", laminated, red seal with device blurred, watermarks. Name on original manuscript appears as "Lafayette."

Dates: 1824 November 7

Letter or journal entry with sketched map of Lake Champlain, 1776 May 10-24

 Item — Box 5, Folder: 1776.05.10
Identifier: RM-1029; MS-5659
Scope and Contents

Letter or journal entry written from Montreal, Canada on May 24, 1776 with sketched map of Lake Champlain on the back. Describes movement and condition of troops and arms of the Northern Department, some have smallpox and fever. It is unknown who the creator is but was at one time attributed to David Avery. References Benedict Arnold.

Dates: 1776 May 10-24

Letter, Patrick Henry to County Lieutenant of Berkeley, 1777 July 28

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 16
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-016
Scope and Contents

Patrick Henry writes to the unidentified 'County Lieutenant of Berkely [Berkeley].' He writes "You are hereby directed to furnish General Hand with the numbers of men he may call from your militia to defend the frontier or challenge the Indians." Autograph letter, signed. 1 page.

Dates: 1777 July 28

Letter, Samuel Huntington to Jabez Huntington, 1776 April 12

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 20
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-020
Scope and Contents

Samuel Huntington, President of the Continental Congress and signer of the Declaration of the Independence, writes to Jabez Huntington, regarding preparations being made to prepare for the invasion of the British Navy. Letter mentions William Williams, another signer of the Declaration of Independence and Esek Hopkins, Commander of the Continental Navy. Autograph letter, signed. 2 pages.

Dates: 1776 April 12

Letter, Thomas Jefferson to William Gordon, 1787 July 2

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 22
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-022
Scope and Contents Thomas Jefferson writes, while he was the U.S. Minister to France, to William Gordon about the actions he has taken to assist Gordon's efforts to write a history of the American Revolution, and conveys his thoughts on what market may exist for the publication in France. Gordon conducted part of his research for his history at Mount Vernon. Gordon published The History of the Rise, Progress, and Establishment, of the Independence of the United States of America: Including an Account of the...
Dates: 1787 July 2

Letter, Thomas Nelson to George Weedon, 1780 October 30

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 30
Identifier: 2021-SC-004-030
Scope and Contents

Thomas Nelson, signer of the Declaration of Independence and brigadier general in the Continental army, writes to General George Weedon, of Richmond, updating him on the mobilization of Virginia's defenses against a British incursion in the Hampton Roads area. Autograph letter, signed. 1 page.

Dates: 1780 October 30

Letter, to Arthur St. Clair, 1779 June 3

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 1779.06.03
Identifier: RM-907; MS-5409
Scope and Contents

Letter from George Washington to Arthur St. Clair regarding instructions for handling British soldiers without assistance from other divisions. Uncertainty over British movements and intentions prevented St. Clair from settling on a course for his division.

Dates: 1779 June 3

Letter, to Benjamin Harrison, 1783 March 19

 Item — Box 37, Folder: 1783.03.19
Identifier: RM-1034; MS-5669
Abstract Written from Newburgh while facing a mutiny due to a lack of soldier's pay and supplies, George Washington appealed to Virginia's governor, Benjamin Harrison, for financial support of his troops. Referencing an earlier letter, he began, “About the first of this Month I wrote you along letter. I touched upon the state of the Army. …I little expected at the time of writing that letter, that we were on the eve of an important crisis to this Army; when the touch stone of discord was to be...
Dates: 1783 March 19

Letter, to Burwell Bassett, 1775 June 19

 Item — Box 37, Folder: 1775.06.19
Identifier: W-714-a-b
Abstract Written from Philadelphia on June 19, 1775, George Washington announced to Burwell Bassett (Martha's brother-in-law) that he has just been unanimously elected by the colonies as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. Washington eloquently expressed, "I am now Imbarkd on a tempestuous Ocean from whence, perhaps, no friendly harbor is to be found." He had humbly accepted this responsibility and stated, "I can answer but for three things, a firm belief of the justice of our Cause - close...
Dates: 1775 June 19

Letter, to Christopher Greene, 1780 November 27

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 1780.11.27
Identifier: 2018-SC-019-001
Scope and Contents Letter in Alexander Hamilton's hand, signed by Washington. Washington issues orders for Colonel Christopher Greene's First Rhode Island Regiment, which included formerly enslaved African American soldiers, to march from Newport to West Point under Rochambeau. Washington writes, "only come on with such officers as are to remain in service on the new arrangement and such men as engaged for the war, or at least for a term, that will last through the next campaign. The other men you may dismiss,...
Dates: 1780 November 27

Letter, to David Grier, 1777 March 12

 Item — Box 33, Folder: 1777.03.12
Identifier: RM-1171; MS-5907
Scope and Contents

Letter, 1777 March 12, in Alexander Hamilton's hand, from George Washington, Morristown, N.J., to Lt. Col. David Grier of the 7th Pennsylvania Regiment ordering him to submit a complete return of his regiment and to take new recruits who have not had smallpox to Philadelphia where they would be inoculated against the disease.

Dates: 1777 March 12

Letter, to François Jean de Beauvoir, chevalier de Chastellux, 1782 December 14

 Item — Box 37, Folder: 1782.12.14
Identifier: 2018-SC-019-002
Scope and Contents Autograph letter signed. Washington writes about the sorrow he felt when Chastellux departed to return to France: "A sense of your public services to this country, and gratitude for your private friendship, quite overcame me at the moment of our separation." Washington adds, "I truly say, never in my life did I ever part with a man to whom my soul clave more sincerely than it did to you." Washington hopes that, after the war, he can accompany Chastellux on a tour of North America. In the...
Dates: 1782 December 14

Letter, to George Clinton, 1778 October 8

 Item — Box 2, Folder: 1778.10.08
Identifier: MSS-469
Scope and Contents General Washington writes from Fishkill [N. Y.] to New York governor George Clinton. Abuse of citizens in this state by army officers -- ordered boat containing Mr. Cuyler's family and belongings to be stopped short of Fishkill -- those aboard shouldn't be permitted to review the works at West Point -- sends by express packets addressed to Clinton and [government of N. Y.], sent down by flag -- they contain extraordinary Manifesto and proclamation -- if boat with Cuyler's effects is to...
Dates: 1778 October 8