John Augustine Washington III and Descendants Papers
Scope and Contents
This collection contains correspondence, legal documents, financial records, and other documents related to John Augustine Washington III and his son Lawrence, as well as his granddaughters Anne and Patty. The bulk of the correspondence series are letters sent to John Augustine Washington III 1840-1860. They deal with family affairs and the management of various family plantations, including Mount Vernon. The late-nineteenth and twentieth century papers are divided into subject files, largely related to the gift and sale of Washington family relics owned by John Augustine’s descendants.
- 1771 - 1994
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open for research during scheduled appointments. Researchers must complete the Washington Library’s Special Collections and Archives Registration Form before access is provided. The library reserves the right to restrict access to certain items for preservation purposes.
Biographical / Historical
John Augustine Washington III (1821-1861): John Augustine Washington III was the great-grand nephew of George Washington and the last private owner of Mount Vernon. The fourth of five children, he was born on May 3, 1821 to John Augustine Washington II and Jane Charlotte Blackburn Washington. John Augustine spent his childhood at his parents’ Blakeley plantation near present day Charles Town, West Virginia. After the deaths of Bushrod Washington and his wife Julia in 1829, the Mount Vernon estate became the possession of John Augustine Washington II. After John Augustine Washington II passed away in June 1832, the estate was left to his widow Jane Charlotte. John Augstine Washington III graduated from the University of Virginia in 1840, returning to Mount Vernon in September 1841 with a proposition to manage the estate for his mother. She agreed, loaning him twenty-two slaves and contracting his employment for five hundred dollars per year for seven years. Upon Jane Charlotte's death in 1855, as the oldest living male heir, John Augustine Washington III became the last owner private owner of Mount Vernon.
Lawrence Washington (1854-1920): Lawrence Washington was the fifth child and eldest son of John Augustine Washington III and Eleanor Love Selden Washington. He was born at Mount Vernon on January 14, 1854. He married Frances Willis Lackland on June 14, 1876, and the couple had twelve children, including Anne Madison and Patty Willis Washington, who inherited a large collection of Washington relics from their father.
4.25 Linear Feet (6 boxes)
Language of Materials
The collection is organized in the following series and subseries. Series 1-3. are arranged chronologically, with undated materials listed last. Series 4. is arranged alphabetically by subject.
Series 1. Correspondence
Series 2. Legal Documents
Series 3. Financial Records
Series 4. Subject Files
Series 5. Prints and Photographic Materials
- Alexander, Hannah Lee Washington, 1811-1881 (Person)
- Alexander, Judith Ball Blackburn, 1796-1866 (Person)
- Alexander, William Fontaine, 1811-1862 (Person)
- Washington, Anne Madison, 1882-1966 (Person)
- Washington, John Augustine, 1821-1861 (Person)
- Washington, Lawrence, 1854-1920 (Person)
- Washington, Patty Willis, 1880-1971 (Person)
- John Augustine Washington III and Family Papers, 1771-1994
- Katherine Hoarn, Special Collections Librarian, updated by Audrey Abrams, May 2021.
- May 2019
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description