Lease deed, between Penelope French and George Washington for Dogue Run Plantation and enslaved African Americans, 1786 October 18
Scope and Contents
This agreement between George Washington and Penelope French secured for his use the last piece of property he added to his Mount Vernon estate, a parcel that would become part of Union Farm. French, who had a life in interest in the land and buildings, also leased to Washington the use of twenty-one enslaved people including "Will, Paschal, Paul, Abraham, Sabine, Rosanna, Daphne, Lucy, Delia, Grace, Tom, Isaac, Robert, Moses, Julius, Spencer, Nancy, Celia, Nell, Mitty, and Lett", and three young children not named. The agreement stipulated that Washington must ensure the enslaved were "clothed and fed in the same manner as slaves usually are within this commonwealth and shall not be removed and worked out of the said county of fairfax", and is "unreasonably worked or neglected in sickness or treated within humanity", they would be returned to French.
- Creation: 1786 October 18
- From the Collection: Washington, George, 1732-1799 (Person)
Conditions Governing Access
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3 pages : Three pages, bifolium. In good condition with some damange to first leaf that affects a few words of text and is repaired with laid paper. George Washington's edits and additions are interlineated on page 2, and the body of the document concludes with 18 lines of his writing. ; 37 x 23 cm
Language of Materials
- Washington, George, 1732-1799 (Signer, Person)
- French, Penelope Manley, approximately 1739- (Signer, Person)
- Washington, Lund, 1737-1796 (Signer, Person)
- Washington, George Augustine, approximately 1759-1793 (Signer, Person)
- Triplett, William (Signer, Person)