Skip to main content

Mitchell, Jim, 1795-1870



Jim Mitchell was enslaved, owned by John Augustine Washington III, the last private owner of Mount Vernon, as Jim Mitchum. He was born in 1795, and likely came to Mount Vernon in the 1830s or 1840s with other slaves from Blakeley, another plantation owned by the Washington family. Once here, he worked as a field laborer. After the Civil War, Mitchell came to work as a freeman for the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association.


Found in 6 Collections and/or Records:

Jim Mitchell, April 15, 1870

 Item — Box 1: Series HPC - Box 1; Series HPC - Cartes de visite
Identifier: 2017-VR-013
Scope and Contents From the Collection: The Historical Photograph Collection is largely comprised of materials created by or for the Mount Vernon Ladies’ Association. Some of the earliest photographs of the estate were created and sold to visitors by the Association as a means of income. Those efforts helped to establish an important collection of 19th century views. The collection spans the 1850s to 2000s and includes over 140 linear feet of analog material providing a visual history of the Mansion, outbuildings, tombs, grounds,...
Dates: April 15, 1870

Judith B. Alexander to John Augustine Washington III, 1842 February 8

 Item — Box 1, Folder: 1842.02.08
Scope and Contents

Judith B. Alexander, Caledon, to John Augustine Washington III. Judith writes that she is suffering from melancholy and writes of religious matters. She also writes, “I observed with pleasure you have forbidden the intrusion of stages and omnibuses.” She asks that she be fondly remembered to Aunt Jenny, “my poor old Joe Mitchum,” Phil, West, Eliza, and Sarah.

Dates: 1842 February 8

Letter, Jane Charlotte Blackburn Washington to John Augustine Washington III, 1848 December 14

 Item — Box 69, Folder: 1848.12.14
Identifier: 2017-SC-008-020
Scope and Contents

Autograph letter signed with integral address panel. Delivered by James Mitchum (Jim Mitchell). Jane writes that Zion Episcopal Church in Charles Town has burned down.

Dates: 1848 December 14

Letter, John Augustine Washington III to Jane C. Blackburn Washington, 1837 November 23

 Item — Box 62, Folder: 1837.11.23
Identifier: 2017-SC-008-003
Scope and Contents Letter written by a sixteen-year-old John Augustine Washington III in Alexandria, Virginia to his mother Jane C. Washington at Blakeley plantation near Charlestown, West Virginia. The address on the back page of the letter notes that the letter was delivered by Jim Mitchell ("Jim Mitchum") with a note from John Augustine that says "I let Jim have $1.00 for his expenses." Jim Mitchell, who was later employed by the Mount Vernon Ladies Association, was enslaved by the Washington family at the...
Dates: 1837 November 23

Letter, West Ford to John Augustine Washington III, 1844 September 6

 Item — Box 66, Folder: 1844.09.06
Identifier: 2017-SC-010-002
Scope and Contents Mount Vernon to Blakely. West Ford reports on illnesses at Mount Vernon: "i am very sorry to say to you that we have had a great deal of sickness Jessie Clark was take the 3 day of the month he was as crazy as he could be he did not know any person i had to send for doctor Powel." He also mentions that Jim Mitchell has been "laid up" and that July and Hannah, though "not yet confined," have been scarcely able to work. Andrew is also still sick. Ford also reports that he has begun breaking up...
Dates: 1844 September 6

List of property taken by Federal Forces from the Mount Vernon Farm of John Augustine Washington III, 1861 June 8

 Item — Box 78, Folder: 1861.06.08
Identifier: 2017-SC-010-006
Scope and Contents A list of property, including enslaved persons, reported to be taken by the 16th New York Regiment from John Augustine Washington III's farm near Mount Vernon. Although John Augustine sold the Mount Vernon mansion and grounds to the Mount Vernon Ladies Association in 1858, he retained property in the surrounding area. The list of slaves includes Jim Mitchell and Edmund Parker, who were later employed by the Mount Vernon Ladies Association, and Gabriel Johnson, who had escaped in 1845 and...
Dates: 1861 June 8