Skip to main content

Pearce, William (Farm manager)

 Person

Biography

William Pearce was a hired farm manager who worked for George Washington from 1793 until 1796.

Occupations

Found in 40 Collections and/or Records:

Check, William Pearce to John Thomas, 1796 November 8

 Item — Box: 28, Folder: 1796.11.08
Identifier: W-787
Scope and Contents

D.S. 1 page. An entirely manuscript check drawn on the Bank of Alexandria, to John Thomas (Tommas) or bearer for $200. Signed by "William Pearce for George Washington, Esqr." Document signed, fragment, canceled.

Dates: 1796 November 8

Letter, Thomas Patten to William Pearce, 1796 November 11

 Item — Box: 28, Folder: 1796.11.11
Identifier: RM-490; MS-4052
Scope and Contents

A.L.S. 1 page. Alexandria. -introduction of Mr. Potts, a gentleman lately from England-wants to visit the Seat of the President--the residence of the man whose fame all Europe acknowledge-any civilities shown him and Mr. Milburn (his companion) will pleasing and acknowledged. Autograph letter signed, docketed, integral.

Dates: 1796 November 11

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 March 2

 Item — Box: 7, Folder: 1794.03.02
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3952
Scope and Contents George Washington explains horse advertisement--care of the youngest jack and mules--Peter--tells Pearce to keep an exact account of all mares and jenneys that go to the jacks--Mr. Prescot of Loudoun (or Fauquier) owes yet for last year--speaks of Mr. Lewis' account that the new visto is opened much further than intended--instructions to buy as much good Oznabrigs--for the making of clothes for the Negroes--requests a sample of the linnen--comments on the price of midlings and ship stuff and...
Dates: 1794 March 2

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 May 25

 Item — Box: 8, Folder: 1794.05.25
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3963
Scope and Contents Crops labouring under drought--2 or 3 fine rains have fallen in Philadelphia in past week--unfavorable account of the drilled wheat--great change and decrease in number of sheep since George Washngton's leaving 5 years ago--average fleece from 5 pounds down to 2 pounds--ship Peggy arrived in George Town with the white thorn trees and Mr. Lear's fruit trees--enclosed list for gardener--fence around slave quarters at Union farm--sent oats--on next vessel Washington will send paper for the...
Dates: 1794 May 25

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 July 20

 Item — Box: 8, Folder: 1794.07.20
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3968
Scope and Contents Frequent rains, not too heavy or too long, will be the making of the corn and buck wheat--directions for plowing wet fields--examine the shocks of wheat frequently--inquires of the quantity and quality of oats--timothy--clover--give John the gardener a dollar on the last day of every month, provided he behaves well--is glad to hear that Pearce's daughter is feeling better--wants to know why Betty Davis and Doll are more than half their time on the sick list--care of grass seeds--little...
Dates: 1794 July 20

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 July 27

 Item — Box: 8, Folder: 1794.07.27
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3969
Scope and Contents Cultivation in corn of the lots in the Mill swamp--corn is not so much an object with Washington as meadow--rushes, alders and other shrubs--inquires of the corn (grown, shoot well and look promising)--particular care taken with the seed of rare ripe corn Washington sent home--Butler--grass seed sown with flax at Union farm--Mr. McNeil (Oneill)--quarry--use of the young mules by the overseers and plowmen--inquiries for particular concerning Ruth, Hannah and Pegg--their being sick several...
Dates: 1794 July 27

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 August 17

 Item — Box: 8, Folder: 1794.08.17
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3972
Scope and Contents Favorable appearance of the corn--ground is in good order for wheat--buck wheat--hemp growing in the vineyard--inquires to the appearance of the potatoes--Kate (wife of Will) at Muddy Hole wishes to serve the Negro women (as a granny) on the estate--pay of 12 to 15 pounds per year--in the George Town Gazette it is written that holders of shares in the Potomac Company (treasurer William Hartshorn) are to give 12 pounds sterling per share--Washington holds 5 shares--Col. Lyles Bond--Crow and...
Dates: 1794 August 17

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 December 28

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1794.12.28
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3990
Scope and Contents Fencing the ground at the Mansion house for corn--rotations for Dogue-run, Muddy hole and River farms--putting oats and clover in the ground where buck wheat grew this year--leaving two or three clumps of trees when clearing the wood at No. 5 at Dogue-run--for the purpose of shade and ornament--importance of reviewing old letters--carpenters preparing frames, shingles, etc., for putting in more dormant windows in the back of the stables at Mansion house--Washington hopes that with favorable...
Dates: 1794 December 28

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 January 4

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1795.01.04
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3991
Scope and Contents

Comments on Pearce's health--hopes that all the oat grounds will be in good order for early seeding--allotment of oats for Washington's horses when he comes to Mt. Vernon--asks about a fallen chimney that injured some Negro children--Doll at the ferry--ableness to work--rotation of crops at Dogue-run--asks about two plows that were sent to Mt. Vernon earlier--asks if they have been used yet.

Dates: 1795 January 4

Letter, to William Pearce, 1794 November 16

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1794.11.16
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3983
Scope and Contents Potatoes and corn are likely to turn out well--keep enough buck wheat and potatoes for seed--it is miserable for a farmer to be obliged to purchase his seeds--exchanging may be useful--prices for wheat and flour in Alexandria--Sally Green and her distressed circumstances--James Donaldson into the Green house--Pyne was more a talker than [a worker]--fall plowing--cutting up the fallen timber--hogs for sale--culled sheep--Mr. Hawkins left sundry cuttings of valuable grape vines at Mr. Lund...
Dates: 1794 November 16

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 March 1

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1795.03.01
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3998
Scope and Contents

Selling all the fish to one man is best--if Mr. Smith will give five shillings per one thousand for herring and twelve shilling in hundred for shad, Pearce had better enter into a written agreement with him--surveying the boundries--Mr. [Lund] Washington--cedar berries--oznabrigs--flax--Mr. Bayley--price of lands--especially those convenient to the federal city.

Dates: 1795 March 1

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 March 8

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1795.03.08
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3999
Scope and Contents

Wheat on the ground is in so unpromising a way--inquires to the look of the barley--roller--French's Paul--pains taken to apprehend and bring him to punishment--Dick--Betty Davis--Sarah, possibly a spinner at the Mansion, in childbed--purchase of one thousand yards of German oznabrigs--lucern seed to be had in Alexandria--new overseer at Mansion house--Allison--inquires about the price of flour in Alexandria--both superfine and fine are up again in Philadelphia.

Dates: 1795 March 8

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 October 19

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.10.19
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4020
Scope and Contents

Postilion Joe--Washington does not expect to reach Philadelphia before Tuesday afternoon--wheat would be a heavy loss should the weavil get into it--let no time be lost in getting it out of the straw and ground up as fast as the mill is able to do it--take the corn out of the field as soon as it can be safely done--gathering white thorn berries--the sooner the potatoes are up and secured the better--trimming the Lombardy Poplar and the Yellow Willow.

Dates: 1795 October 19

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 November 29

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.11.29
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4024
Scope and Contents

Sickness among the negroes--diminishing prospect of a good crop of corn--breaking up the fields for the ensuing crop--preparing the shelters--for the horses at River farm--asks about Neale--list of work for the carpenters--Isaac and Joe--enclosed copy of the invoices of the oznabrigs and blankets--seine twine--payment of Pearce and the overseers--Peter.

Dates: 1795 November 29

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 December 13

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.12.13
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4026
Scope and Contents

The sickness at Mt. Vernon is abating-tells Pearce to encourage Cyrus to persevere-he is to use money from last year's flour and corn to pay any debts-good price for wheat in Philadelphia-seine twine-Peter choosing two more mules.

Dates: 1795 December 13

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 March 29

 Item — Box: 9, Folder: 1795.03.29
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4002
Scope and Contents

Mr. Pierce Bailey--land on difficult run--inquiry of the new meadow at Dogue-run--affects of the winter weather on the growing grain, the grass and the fields which are to be sown and planted--Moses at the mill-- Tom and Ben--coopering--Gray--Isaac making ploughs--Donaldson--gardener attending to pease--an English gentleman, named Strickland--red wine and madeira--Mrs. Fanny Washington--porter.

Dates: 1795 March 29

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 April 5

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.04.10
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4003
Scope and Contents

Carter Ben at the River farm, laid up many weeks--potatoe plan experiment--impediments from the weather in sowing oats--winter grain should now show its spring appearance--roller-cutting small grain before it is suffered to get too ripe--honey locust seed--advertising of Paul.

Dates: 1795 April 5

Letter, to William Pearce, 1793 December 18

 Item — Box: 7, Folder: 1793.12.18
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3943
Scope and Contents Course of crops--objective was to recover the fields from exhausted state-manure-buck wheat-Indian corn-comments on the insufferable conduct of overseers-Col. Ball of Leesburgh promised to send buck wheat-commends on poor quality of common oats brought from Eastern shore-garlick and wild onions-complains about overseers not doing much fall plowing--has little dependence on overseers when left to themselves-gives directions on how Pearce is to treat overseers-warns Pearce not to be like Mr....
Dates: 1793 December 18

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 June 7

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.06.07
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4009
Scope and Contents

Details on the shingles--additional directions for the barn--removal of all the cabins at River and Union farms--wants to punish the thief who robbed the meat house at Mt. Vernon--Nathan suspected of this sort formerly--Postilion Joe has been caught in similar practices--Sam would not be restrained if he saw an opening to do the like.

Dates: 1795 June 7

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 June 14

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.06.14
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4010
Scope and Contents

Washington hopes that it rained at Mt. Vernon--insect--distemper among horses--selling hay in Alexandria--Mr. Halley--reducing a lot in Alexandria for an allay--enclosed a newspaper containing some ideas on the culture of potatoes--making them into bread--James Butler--the Academy in Alexandria--Rev. Mr. Muir.

Dates: 1795 June 14

Letter, to William Pearce, 1795 July 5

 Item — Box: 10, Folder: 1795.07.05
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4012
Scope and Contents

Washington plans to come to Mt. Vernon about the middle of the month--dormant windows on each side of the pediment--front side of the stable--Donaldson--grain and hay--Davy's lost lambs--very suspicious appearance--he has some sly, cunning and roguish negroes under him--asks how Ben at the mill is employed--Ruth and Ben at the River farm--both Pearce and Groves are ill.

Dates: 1795 July 5

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 February 21

 Item — Box: 11, Folder: 1796.02.21
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4034
Scope and Contents Washington is under no apprehension of falling price of flour--wishes to rent the mill after the current crop of wheat is manufactured--250 dollars is not sufficient rent--Mr. Digges--Col. Fitzgerald--tenants near Mrs. French's must pay more than 20/. rent for every acre of tillable land--printer in Alexandria does not have enough types for the advertisement--repairs to the north end of the Mansion--Caesar has been absent six days--renting the farms--Pearce is entertaining doubts of...
Dates: 1796 February 21

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 April 3

 Item — Box: 11, Folder: 1796.04.03
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4038
Scope and Contents

On the Commerce, Washington will send eight bushels of field pea, chiccory and eight bushels of winter vetch--directions for the cultivation--wind blowing down trees--selling the flour--Mr. Minor has recommended a Mr. Darnes as a tenant--Mr. Gill and renting the mill--inquires of the dimensions and details on the chimney in the new room at the Mansion.

Dates: 1796 April 3

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 June 5

 Item — Box: 12, Folder: 1796.06.05
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4048
Scope and Contents It is not likely that Washington will be at Mt. Vernon before the 20th--everything about the houses should be got in clean and nice order--Neal--Caroline--cleaning servants quarters--abundant supply of meat--inquires of the venetian blinds and the dormant windows in the stables--insists that Pearce mention these and the like in his reports--keep a sufficiency of oats for Washington's horses and those of his visitors--keep the grain and hay harvests from interfering with each other--Miss...
Dates: 1796 June 5

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 October 26

 Item — Box: 12, Folder: 1796.10.26
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4051
Scope and Contents

Cyrus--Mr. Frestal and Mr. Lafayette--Mrs. Washington--some butter left in the cellar and some beef in a tub--James--Pearce is to clean out Washington's study and get their baggage and James on the first vessel bound for Philadelphia--Pearce's family is moving to the Mansion house--Dinah--Mr. Blagden to examine the quarry--mules for Washington's carriage.

Dates: 1796 October 26

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 November 14

 Item — Box: 12, Folder: 1796.11.14
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4053
Scope and Contents

James Wilkes--Mr. Law--Mr. Alexander Smith is not able to take up his note--Pearce is to make arrangements for Smith's repaying, including interest from the time the note comes due--security of payment--Richmond made an example for the robbery he committed--severe drought--difficulty with wheat--quarters at River and Muddy-hole farms--venetian blinds--dimensions of the window frames.

Dates: 1796 November 14

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 December 4

 Item — Box: 12, Folder: 1796.12.04
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4056
Scope and Contents

Washington writes that he received no letter from Pearce which leads him to conclude that something more than common has happened--on board of Capt. Ellwood are oil, paint and oznabrigs--directions for distributing and cutting oznabrigs--dependence of the gardener's wife and Allison's wife-planting shrubs--Mr. Anderson--Washington expresses his wishes to have an icehouse prepared when ice forms--hopes Frank has taken care of the tarriers [terriers]--female in heat.

Dates: 1796 December 4

Letter, to William Pearce, 1796 December 18

 Item — Box: 12, Folder: 1796.12.18
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-4058
Scope and Contents

Lack of rain--Mr. Alexander Smith--Mr. Lear--the ground, where ivy and wild honey suckle are to be planted, is not to be plowed beforehand--Frank, Hercules, and Cyrus--Allison--Washington is displeased with his conduct--would like the new road completed before spring--Mr. Neal continues indisposed and the carpenters do nothing--Sall, Mima and Dick are regularly returned sick--Mr. Anderson expects to arrive by the 27th--clover grass seeds.

Dates: 1796 December 18

Letter, to William Pearce, 1793 August 26

 Item — Box: 6, Folder: 1793.08.26
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3939
Scope and Contents

100 guineas a year for superintendant of Mt. Vernon--recommends that Pearce visit the estate--to determine if all is to his liking-George Washington expects to be at Mt. Vernon on the 20th of Sept.--gives directions, mileage, stage schedule--speaks of worthless overseer to 8-10 Negro carpenters--hopes to replace him by New Year's day.

Dates: 1793 August 26

Letter, to William Pearce, 1793 October 27

 Item — Box: 7, Folder: 1793.10.27
Identifier: RM-490-F; MS-3941
Scope and Contents

In this letter George Washington has decided to engage superintendant of carpenters for another year--could not find anyone to relace-comments on man who looks after the house people, ditchers, etc.--after winter, Pearce can decide to remain at Mt. Vernon or live elsewhere--construction of house for Mr. Crow--Negro children forbidden to enter the yards and gardens (excluding the children of cook and her husband the Mulatto Frank).

Dates: 1793 October 27