Washington, John Augustine, III, 1821-1861
- Existence: 1821-1861
- Existence: 1821 - 1861
Found in 39 Collections and/or Records:
Prospect Hill to Mount Vernon. Autograph letter signed, regarding the sale of an enslaved woman named Milly.
Delivery and payment of wheat. Louisa is well. Christian Washington already named her daughter Elizabeth. Old Mr. [John] Sinclair died and his slaves are to be sold.
Gives preserving instructions for slaves Sarah and Matilda. Secret engagement of Andrew Kennedy. Asks about having the dining room fixed. Anne is sick with dysentery.
Louisa’s health. “I was really gratified to hear you did not find it necessary to sell Gabriel.” Louisa has “several times mistaken persons down the street for you…”
Boat landed with 50 or 60 visitors. Susan, a slave, prefers being sold.
Encloses letter from Mr. Davis. She is visiting Richard and Christian. Asks Augustine to bring the “baby’s sucking bottle.” Gives instructions for the slave Sarah to make a brine to drop the butter in.
“Mrs. Byrd and Mrs. Alsbone… appear very nervous about the state of our slaves. They think the negroes hate the whites so much, that we are in constant danger.”
Steamboat quite full today with sixty or seventy persons. Tomorrow is Louisa’s birthday. Spoke to Susan [a slave] and “she prefers being sold.”
With a list of slaves in pencil on verso in John Augustine’s hand.
Charlestown. Hannah writes that her creditors are harassing her. She will have to sell Ben, an enslaved man, to be able to pay Mr. Sadler. “I am not extravagant either in livery or dress.” She really values his advice.
Instructions to send several servants [enslaved workers?] from Mount Vernon to Alexandria.
The slave Sarah “had run off from Mr. Taylor and had gone home this morning.” Has not heard from Richmond [regarding sale of Mount Vernon to the Mount Vernon Ladies Association]
Mother [Jane Charlotte Blackburn Washington] ill. His letter will be taken to Nelly “by two negro men who I have purchased, and by Julia whom I send down. I wish West to set them to getting rails…”
Sold Matilda and her family to Mr. Bevin. Augustine has had attacks of ague. Cases of scarlet fever and dysentery. Gives instructions for Mr. Stowell regarding sheep and wheat machine.
Shall leave tomorrow for Frederick and Fauquier and be home Friday or Saturday. Bad weather prevented his visiting friends in Audley and Berryville. Has arranged matters with Mr. Richardson about Joe [a slave boy].
John Augustine Washington III, Blakeley, to Louisa Fontaine Washington and Eleanor Love Selden Washington, 1852 February 12
Mother is better. “I have been purchasing negroes—and am in negotiation for others…” Gives instructions for “grubbing and ploughing.” Overseer position. Includes letter to daughter Louisa on same sheet regarding various cousins.
“I have not seen our friends here, but hear that Bentley bought Cousin Eliza’s negroes at $1,200.00.”
“I left the negroes I got in Alexandria, where I had an offer of $650.00 for them from a negro trader, but I prefer selling to a private person if I can do so. I found several of the servants sick, and Phil who was very low, died this evening.”
Servants recovering. Nelly’s cloak was dyed mazarine blue. Shall begin seeding wheat.
West [Ford] has taken sick this morning. “The stockings and socks for the negroes are nearly done…The coat patterns are eaten up by the rats…”
“Between pleasant company and bad weather I was detained in the lower country some days longer than I expected.” Pleased with Gloucester. Disappointed in Old Point. Gabriel’s duties and tasks.
Wheat machine broke. Sends thirty dollars. Colonel Bailey Peyton is to marry Julia Thompson. Employed three Irish workers to see if they could replace slaves but the “experiment” failed.
Absence of Gabriel and desertion of some of the hired hands. Has decided not to sell Gabriel. “If it were possible to without them [slaves], I do not think I could own one, but situated as we are, landed property would be almost valueless without them, and it is a matter of necessity to have their labor.”
The collection contains correspondence between John Augustine Washington III and his wife Eleanor Love Selden. The letters begin during the Washingtons’ engagement and continues through eighteen years of marriage, ending with a letter from John Augustine to Eleanor composed the day prior to her sudden death. The letters contain information on family matters, the management of the Mount Vernon estate, and plantation life prior to the Civil War.
Going to Alexandria to sell a load of wheat. The slave Eliza was injured when she “ran a needle in her arm and broke it off…” Ends with proclamation of undying love: “Indeed as I grow older my heart seems to cling closer to you…and never do I feel this more deeply than when you are absent from me.”
Finished ploughing in Maryland. Tried to sell the slave Matilda but she was unwilling. Has employed a German gardener. Gives updates on the steamboat, visitors, and construction of new wharf.
Judith is sure Augustine’s family will be very happy in Fauquier. Mr. Alexander’s health is poor. Their overseer “keeps the hands active by a natural authority without severity.” Would like his advice as to Dr. Crawford’s estate. Describes her money problems.
Autograph letter signed. Warrenton. Shackleford writes to accept Augustine's offer for the purchase of two enslaved boys named Bob and Armistead for $1200 each.